It happened on NOVEMBER 18


Jacques Maritain was born in Paris. He was a French philosopher and a natural science scholar. Together with his wife Raissa, he converted to Catholicism. He studied and in a sense rediscovered St. Thomas Aquinas’ philosophy, comparing it with that of Henri Bergson, one of his teachers. He elaborated a profound and well-structured body of thought referred to as neo-Thomism. In his work, The Degrees of Knowledge (1932) he proposed a unity of knowledge in which the three types of knowing (that of math and science, that of the natural sciences, and that which is reached through Christian revelation) are understood as degrees which led to knowledge of the real.


In 1893, Pope Leo XIII published the encyclical Provvidentissimus Deus that treated, among other things, the relationships between Sacred Scripture and scientific knowledge.

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